Sport for persons with physical disabilities
The CE Llars de l’Amistat Cheshire is a nonprofit organization dedicated to sports adapted for people affected by large physical disabilities. The ultimate aim of the EC Llars de l’Amistat Cheshire is to provide the highest quality of life for its members through sports. The Sports Club de l’Amistat Llars Cheshire is consolidated in the month of November 1996.
The Club is currently made up of affected athletes with cerebral palsy and other physical disabilities, with the support of volunteers specially trained for these activities adapted sports and assistance to athletes.
Our Club is a member of the Assembly of the Spanish Sports Federation for Cerebral Palsy and member of the Catalan Association of Sports Cerebral Palsy.
Criteria on Sport for people with physical disabilities
The aim pursued with the sport for people affected by physical decline is the same one can claim a general level, ie, the maintenance and the physical, psychological maturity and a process of socialization of the individual.
We believe that sport in the field of physical decline, is a valuable rehabilitative and integrative instrument, which allows those affected who practice a better physical, creates criteria for improvement to address situations of everyday life and attitudes that facilitate power the social normalization of persons with physical disabilities. It is intended that the athlete has the opportunity to enhance their physical abilities, thus contributing to the prevention of loss of physical function, to improve their health and quality of life. Knowing your body allows the affected meet their physical limitations, giving it thus criteria situation within their usual environment.
The sport takes part in the social life of people. Preparing for the event, expectations of success or failure, interaction with peers, family members and other groups involved in the activity stimulate communication and solidifies the individual’s behavior.
Moreover, sporting activities are a showcase of a specific population group. It is another form of awareness, in which they can show what they can do despite his physical limitations, communication and travel, and facing the hostility of the environment where they develop activities.
Sport should not necessarily be racing, sport simply for pleasure is a step towards the concept of health, personal growth and improved quality of life.
The purpose of CE Llars de l’Amistat Cheshire is to empower the individual physical and mental abilities of athletes Club, through sports activities adapted to affected cerebral palsy and the disabled, for maximum sports performance and personal autonomy helping thus to improve their quality of life.
The overall objectives of the EC Llars de l’Amistat Cheshire for next season are:
- Physicist to affected cerebral palsy and the disabled, to help improve functional mobility or to avoid losing what they already have maintenance.
- Learning adapted sports.
- Empowerment adapted sports competition for athletes started to sport adapted by Medical-functional capacity.
- Creation and formation of groups of specialized volunteers to support sports activities adapted.
The sports played meet the regulations of the Cerebral Palsy International Sports and Recreation Association (CP-ISRA). The CP-ISRA is an umbrella organization of 35 national federations of associations (including the Spanish Sports Federation for Cerebral Palsy – FED-PC), and a member of IPC (International Coordinating of World Sports Organisations for Disabled), the maximum body responsible for the Paralympics.
The CP-ISRA is an organization interested in providing more opportunities for people suffering from cerebral palsy worldwide and qualify to be part and enjoy the widest variety of sports and leisure activities at all levels.
In reference to sport competition, has created eight classifications, based on the functional profile that allow those who do wish to compete on equal terms, even if they are severely affected.
Within the handicap and, with the highest incidence within cerebral palsy, there are very different situations, so it is necessary to group athletes by categories or classes according to their level of disability.
This classification system ensures athletes equal opportunities to compete, regardless of their level of involvement. Thus, differences in sports results should be to training, staff level and competitive experience.
The Spanish Sports Federation for Cerebral Palsy – FED-PC, following the rules of the CP-ISRA, provides eight categories:
Class 1: They use a wheelchair and are athletes with the highest level of physical disability. They can not move the chair manually with functionality and most of them use motorized chairs.
Class 2: They use a wheelchair and can move, albeit with great difficulty. Some move the chair with legs and form a specific category within this class.
Class 3: They use wheelchairs but their movement possibilities are greater. Have difficulty in controlling the trunk and hand coordination.
Class 4: They use wheelchairs, autonomy is high, and move quickly and easily, and control of the trunk and arms is normal.
Class 5: Son street, while having enough trouble getting around and many of them use canes or crutches.
Class 6: Son street, mainly with problems of coordination of movement and balance.
Class 7: Son street. This class brings together athletes with hemiplegia.
Class 8: Son street. Have minimal injuries functionally very little affect athletic performance.
Adapted sports for athletes with physical disabilities practiced in the EC Llars de l’Amistat Cheshire are: ATHLETICS, BOCCIA, CYCLING, slalom, HORSE, besides the promotion of sports entertainment.
Within ATHLETICS, most specialties are practiced. This sport enables the participation of all athletes, regardless of their level of involvement, because they are grouped by categories and specific for each test or adapted set.
For example, in racing tests 100, 200, 400, 800, 1,500, 5,000 and relays are developed, and in the categories of wheelchair, each athlete can run on two rails. Releases some become as well known as weight, discus and javelin, and other more specific, adapted and regulated by the CP-ISRA for those most affected, such as sachets releases distance, accuracy or height for class 2 and 6. there is also throwing events for athletes who have the highest level of functionality in the legs, such as throwing medicine ball and kick ball, tests for class 2 legs.
The rules that apply in the competition coincide with those of the IAAF, including some modifications in reference to specific testing and racing wheelchairs.
The game of boccia goes back to classical Greece. The rescued in the 80s in the Nordic countries, which adapted for the disabled. This sport has a resemblance to the bowls, but differ in material, dimensions, field lines and some rules. You can play in teams, pairs or individually.
Boccia is a sport that allows the participation of athletes with high levels of physical involvement. At the level of competition only classes 1 and 2 over 6 divisions and is a Paralympic sport specific cerebral palsy participate.
Boccia material consists of leather coated balls 13: 6 blue, 6 red and one white. All are the same size and weight. For players who are not capable of understanding, there are some adaptations, gutters, allowing them to direct the shots and make them effective. Boccia field has measurements defined and determined by the CP-ISRA.
It is an activity of great interest not only in the sporting side, but as adequate means of use of leisure time, which has the base, no doubt, in pedagogical and educational possibilities that may arise from the boccia . Furthermore, it is possible and very useful for people with severe physical impairments activity, since this latter is the reason for the onset of boccia in many places and centers of education and care for cerebral palsy in our country.
Cycling is one of the most comprehensive for people suffering from cerebral palsy sports because it can be used for rehabilitation, leisure or as a competitive sport.
The possibility of using bicycles and tricycles allows people with balance problems accessing this sport. The competition is governed by the rules of the International Cycling Federation.
Allows the participation of people suffering from cerebral palsy from Class 2 to 8, tricycle or bicycle, and grouped into 4 divisions.
The tests performed are street circuits against the 1,500, 3,000 and 5,000 meters, and test route 20 km.
The slalom offers with its practice, an ideal opportunity to develop the physical potential of the individual, and to improve the use of their means of transport: the wheelchair.
The slalom is an obstacle race against time, and is responsible for creating “problems” artificially: turns, reversals, ramps, etc., which require the athlete speed, coordination and technique to finish the course set at the minimum possible time and making the minimum number of errors.
Slalom practice is open to athletes with manual chairs as electric chairs, encompassing classes 1, 2, arms and legs, 3 and 4, 5 divisions. It is regulated entirely by the CP-ISRA.
The Sports Club de l’Amistat Llars Cheshire, along with the Center for High Performance Equine OPEN, occasionally engages in formal or open competition in the form of dressage with two riders.